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The Detailed Service
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Paint Correction

Why is Paint Correction a must?

Over time your vehicle accumulates numerous particles that can damage the finish of your paintwork. Contamination like rain, sun, tree sap, bugs, tar, oxidisation, brake dust, industrial fallout and many more are extremely harmful to the paint finish. Paint correction removes all contamination from the surface, and after wax application leaves microscopic layers of wax/sealant to provide a long lasting deep shine that protects your paint. Paint correction is not just a luxury but an investment, and KDS intends to keep it that way.

What is Paint Correction?

Paint correction, sometimes known a machine polishing is a systematic application of varying grades of compound and polish to achieve unbelievable results.

Using the latest equipment and specialist products (many imported), KDS will remove all types of contamination either by machine polishing or wetsanding, regardless of age or condition. NOT just masking them with products containing fillers.

Each time you wash your car you will cause micro marks in your paintwork and over time these marks will gradually get worse and appear as swirls. Most of these swirl marks are caused by poor washing techniques or an automatic car wash, even using a sponge to wash your car plays a big part in causing marks on the surface of paintwork. These marks on the surface are actually diffracting the light so you are not seeing the true colour of your paint.

No two vehicles will have the same sort of paint, every manufacturer, model and even colour will be different. So having a good knowledge of paint and products is essential. At KDS we pride ourselves with extensive knowledge in these very important areas.

Machine polishing will remove all swirl marks, light scratches, bird stains, water marks, buffer marks and more to restore your paintwork to an “as new condition”. This process can also restore dull or faded paintwork back to its original state.

Wet Sanding

Sometimes the only way to remove those deeper scratches, light scuff marks or to obtain the ultimate finish is wet sanding

Wetsanding will remove or considerably reduce the appearance of those really deep scratches, by sanding the affected the area and buffing will soften the edges making it far less visible, often saving the cost of having a large area re-painted.

During the process of wetsanding you are actually removing a 'minute' layer of clear coat from the paint surface to make it level, improving the quality of the finish. This process can be used on the entire vehicle (as seen in the picture of Ford F150) to get results which are staggering (especially on darker colours), the quality of your paintwork will actually be better than the day it rolled off the production line.

With over 15 years of paint experience and understanding the different types of paint used on new and old cars. KDS is able to assess the existing condition of your vehicles paint, and then evaluate any problems which may occur before the correction work begins. All our work is finished with tried and tested methods.

To see the results of our paintwork correction/wetsanding techniques please view the gallery and read our testimonials to see what our customers thought.

KDS believes that accuracy and perfection is essential to achieve the ultimate results everytime.

Orange Peel


One of the greatest imperfections with a new vehicle is a bad paint finish, otherwise known as orange peel. Orange peel is the name given to a slightly rippled effect on the paintwork. When a vehicle is sprayed at the factory, the build up of multiple wet layers of paint combined with the spray guns pushing out a lot of air, cause the airstream to leave a visible rippled effect finish.

The way to remove this orange peel effect is by wetsanding and machine polishing. There are 4 grades of abrasive paper used (1500, 2000, 2500 and 3000 grit) to remove orange peel and create the ultimate finish. Each stage of abrasive paper removes a very fine layer of paint (the higher the grit, the finer the layer removal), meaning your paintwork becomes perfectly smooth and flat. Once the wetsanding had been done, the machine polishing can begin. This process will refine your paintwork to a 'better than new' finish.

  • This service is available through KDS.

Understanding Paint Correction

You start with different grades of compound to remove small amounts of the paint surface (depending on the condition of the paintwork). The cutting ability of the compound determines how much paint is removed with each revolution of the polisher. The coarser compounds might make the paint look cloudy, whereas finer compounds will create a glossy/polished finish. Each compound plays an important part to paint correction, having a specific purpose and application. No matter which method you choose for paint correction (hand, rotary or dual action polishing), the basics stay the same. You start with removing heavy imperfections and gradually decrease abrasive materials until you have reached the ultimate paint finish. Below shows some of the highest quality products used by KDS to produce the unbelievable paint finishes.

Abrasive Paper -Ultrafine grades of sandpaper (between 1200 and 3000 grit) can be used to level paint finish and remove imperfections like orange peel.

Compound -Or sometime called rubbing compound. Used to remove heavy contamination, oxidisation, scratches, swirl marks and many other imperfections.

Polish -Less abrasive than a compound, designed to remove light scratches, contamination, swirl marks, oxidisation and other defects.

Glaze -A glaze is not abrasive, so will not remove defects or imperfections. It will improve the gloss finish by temporarily filling in swirl marks or other minor defects.

Pre-Wax Cleaner -Less abrasive than a polish, containing chemical cleaners to help remove very minor imperfections.

Within the last 10 years there have been 3 very important changes that have made a big impact on paint correction.

  1. All modern car paint is no longer petroleum based, all new vehicles are painted with water based urethanes.
  2. Compounds, polishes and cleaners have been engineered to perfection.
  3. Microfibre products specifically designed for polishing applications are dominating the market. They are less likely to mark your paints finish and reduce drying/polishing time.

Rotary Vs Dual Action Polishing

There are two different types of polishing machine: rotary and dual action (orbital) polishers. At KDS we use a Makita rotary polisher (basically a body grinder with a polishing pad in place of the grinding disc). Very high power with variable speeds to give you full control of the machine. Where the rotary polisher has a direct drive to the polishing head, the dual action has a specially designed head causing the polishing pad turn in an orbital pattern whilst rotating. Below shows the differences between rotary and dual action polishers.

Ease of use
Learning curve
Potential to damage paint
Effectiveness on paint with heavy oxidation or severe micro marring
Amount of polish required
Requires extensive training and experience to master.
Improper use will cause swirls, excessive paint removal or paint burns.
Potentially eliminates all superficial surface damage.
Highest gloss and deepest shine possible.
May require slightly more than a dual-action polisher, but not nearly as much as hand polishing.
Absolutely best final results. Fastest of all polishing methods.
Much higher potential to cause paint damage. Requires significant time investment to master.
Virtually foolproof. Just pick it up and start polishing!
Requires very little training and experience to be proficient.
No real damage can be achieved, unless very heavy handed.
Paint looks much better than it did, but may not remove all surface damage.
Much better than hand polishing, but will not compare to rotary.
Most efficient method.
Safe, effective and easy to use.
Somewhat limited results compared to rotary polishing, but Better than hand polishing.

The car care market has many types of compounds and polishes, each promising to work miracles. Making the right decision is very hard, it has taken me several years to create the ultimate reference and perfect finish for different age/colour and season (summer or winter). My choice of compound and polish is 3M or Menzerna.

Paint Depth


At KDS, before any paintwork correction is carried out, the entire vehicle is measured for paint thickness with a paint thickness gauge which is used throughout the paint correction process. Removing just 2 - 3 microns (out of an average 110 – 140 microns) results in maximum effect. Swirl marks, mild scratches, bird stains, buffer marks etc. will be completely removed within 2 -3 microns from all types of paint.

If you require, KDS can produce a report to show you (the customer) the depth of paint before and after the paint correction process is complete, also detailing any repair work previously carried out on your vehicle.

KDS Paint Condition Charts

The charts below show the different levels of paint correction:

  • Paint Condition – Different stages of paint contamination/defects
  • Repair – Products used to remove contamination/defect
  • Products Used – Products used to remove contamination/defect
  • Final Products Used – Products used to protect your clean paintwork