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Paint Correction Packages

Paint correction, sometimes known as machine polishing is a systematic application of varying grades of compound and polish to achieve unbelievable results. No two vehicles will have the same sort of paint, every manufacturer, model and even colour will be different. So having a good knowledge of paint and products is essential. At KDS we pride ourselves with extensive knowledge in these very important areas. Machine polishing can remove up to 99% of swirl marks, light scratches, bird stains, water marks, buffer marks and more to restore your paintwork to a "better than new condition". This process can also restore dull or faded paintwork back to its original state. It is all about surface evaluation, diagnosis is the key; not guesswork. The most important first step in the process of paint surface detailing is diagnosing the paint surface; density of clear coat (hard or soft) or single stage paint, colour, surface condition; ascertain the severity of the surface blemishes with an inspection light and the paint thickness available, measuring with a paint thickness gauge will dictate the choice and abrasiveness of polish/compound for correction or renovation level required or indeed possible.

A sound understanding of the proper technique and the correct process will produce excellent results even with a mediocre product. A quality product used without the proper surface preparation or application technique will never obtain a satisfactory result. Using the proper methodology (surface preparation, using a quality product, along with the correct application technique) will ensure an excellent result every time. The products you use constitute a very small factor in the equation. Methodology and technique constitute 95%; the reasoning behind the choice of quality products is to eliminate any limiting factors, thus enabling us to place emphasis on the techniques we use. Our paint correction can take between 10hrs for a minor correction and up to 100 hrs for a major correction, and this is just the machine polishing. The finish left from our paint correction details often needs to be seen to be believed. We can also give you tips on products and washing methods that will help ensure you can keep your car looking as good as the day it was detailed.

Should you wish us to inspect your car prior to booking, we offer a 1 hour Vehicle Inspection at £49.95 (ex vat). This will be performed by one of the KDS team, talking you through your vehicle’s imperfections, running you through the processes and stages that will happen to your car, and explaining just how much of the defects we can correct for your chosen package. If you wish Kelly to perform the Vehicle Inspection, we offer at £79.95 (ex vat). This is a verbal explanation, but will cover all aspects; paint, detailing, wheels, dents, interior recondition etc.

If you would like to book with us following a Vehicle Inspection, then we will of course remove the full cost of the inspection from your final bill. To book your car in for its packages, we ask for a £125 (ex vat) non-refundable deposit which can be taken in person or over the phone. To book in for a vehicle inspection, please simply call or e-mail.

In addition, many clients may wish us to perform a full and complete written report, including photographs, of their car. Be it for their own use, or perhaps in response to a request by a vehicle manufacturer or paint shop. We offer this service at £295 (ex vat).

Our Bronze paint correction detail is designed to suit cars in 'nearly new' condition, with only very minor paint defects. This is also the package to go for if your vehicle has had previous paint correction carried out within the last 12 months. For older cars, or those with with more severe paint defects, the Bronze detail will strike an exceptional balance between a stunning finish and value for money. In these cases we ordinarily hope to achieve a 75% correction of the paint's surface finish.

  • Comprehensive wash process using 2 bucket method
  • Wheel arches carefully jet-washed
  • Wheels cleaned using alloy wheel cleaner
  • Clay bar used to remove bonded contaminants from paintwork
  • Interior litter removed, dusted, and vacuumed
  • Paint depth readings taken (also shows accident/paint repairs)
  • Single-stage machine paint correction completed
  • Paintwork checked with 3M sunlight
  • Vehicle wiped down with a isopropal alcohol (panel wipe) to make sure surfaces are clean
  • Pre selected* wax/sealant applied to exterior paintwork
  • Exterior plastics dressed
  • Door shuts waxed for added protection
  • Door seals and rubbers cleaned and protected
  • Interior glass cleaned
  • Exterior glass cleaned
  • Tyres cleaned and dressed with a long lasting tyre gel
  • Final inspection to make sure your car meets our high standards

*We have a range of detailing products from premium brands available, and you are welcome to request the wax/sealant of your choice (some boutique waxes will incur a surcharge). If no request is made, we will apply what we think will work best for you and your car.

Prices from...

Small: £385
Medium: £485
Large: £545
XL/4x4: £595
(Prices are subject to VAT)

Time: Approx 15-20hrs (3 day booking)

Optional Extras

Due to the process involved it is necessary to book in advance and a non-refundable deposit may be required.

Show Car/Concours Preparation

Here at KDS we can offer a bespoke show car/concours preparation treatment for any show, competition or magazine shoot. We don’t have a set process/package, in each case we will agree a detailing package with you in advance and then charge a fixed price for all work carried out.

Price from: £POA
Time: Depending on package

Our Silver correction detail is designed for vehicles with 'medium' level paint defects. Poor hand washing techniques and automated car washes will leave your car covered in swirl marks and scratches, which result in a dull looking finish and reduced depth of colour. Other defects that can be removed with this process are light car park scrapes, water marks, 'buffer lines / holograms' left by body shops or less experienced detailers, and bird dropping stains. The darker the colour of your vehicle, the more noticeable these defects will be (lighter colours will not show damage as much as a darker colour).

The Silver correction process consists of two stages: firstly, a rough/aggressive abrasive machine polishing stage removes a very fine layer of the clearcoat, and the surface defects along with it. However, this stage leaves its own very fine, hazy marring behind. Second, we use a much more gentle machine polishing process to carry out a refining stage - which brings the car up to the exceptional gloss you'd been hoping for.

This two-stage process would usually take between 20 and 30 hours of machine polishing alone, and we aim to achieve around 85% defect correction on a swirl-mark covered car. Recommended as a yearly or one-off treatment.

  • Comprehensive wash using 2 bucket method
  • Wheel arches carefully jet washed
  • Wheels cleaned using alloy wheel cleaner
  • Clay bar used to remove bonded contaminates from paintwork
  • Paint depth readings taken (also shows accident/paint repairs)
  • 2 stage paint correction completed
  • Vehicle wiped down with a isopropal alcohol (panel wipe) to make sure surfaces are clean
  • Pre-selected* wax/sealant is applied
  • Door shuts waxed for added protection
  • Interior - litter removed, dusted, vacuumed
  • Door seals and rubbers cleaned and protected
  • Interior glass cleaned
  • Exterior glass cleaned
  • Tyres cleaned and dressed with a long lasting tyre gel
  • Exterior plastics dressed
  • Paintwork checked with 3M sunlight and 2 other light sources
  • Final inspection to make sure your car meets our high standards

*We have a range of detailing products from premium brands available, and you are welcome to request the wax/sealant of your choice (some boutique waxes will incur a surcharge). If no request is made, we will apply what we think will work best for you and your car.

Prices from...

Small: £585
Medium: £685
Large: £745
XL/4x4: £795
(Prices are subject to VAT)

Time: Approx 30-40hrs (5 day booking)

Optional Extras

Due to the process involved it is necessary to book in advance and a non-refundable deposit may be required.

Show Car/Concours Preparation

Here at KDS we can offer a bespoke show car/concours preparation treatment for any show, competition or magazine shoot. We don’t have a set process/package, in each case we will agree a detailing package with you in advance and then charge a fixed price for all work carried out.

Price from: £POA
Time: Depending on package

Our Gold correction detail package is our most popular package with owners of slightly older cars (3+ years), and it's also the highest-grade package we'd generally recommend if you still intend to use your car regularly on the road. Since darker coloured cars show imperfections more easily, this is also a great way to ensure the deepest, wettest look.  With the time available to us, we can often restore even a quite poorly maintained car to a showroom condition.  On cars in reasonably good order to begin with, we would improve it to 'better than showroom' standard!

The paintwork will benefit from a three-stage paint correction process, where even heavy imperfections will be rectified (within the limits of what's physically possible) and all swirl marks, bird dropping stains, etchings and minor/medium depth scratches will be eliminated. This is because we'll spend longer both on the agressive polishing stages (more thoroughly removing defects and imperfections), and on the refining stage (bringing up the gloss level to an even purer standard than on our lower packages).

In addition, your leather is cleaned, fed and conditioned, the engine will be cleaned and dressed and if your car has a soft top that will be cleaned and sealed too. Multiple layers of very high quality wax/sealant are applied for outstanding protection. With between 30-45hrs polishing, we would achieve 90-95% correction on most cars for an absolutely jaw-dropping standard of finish.

  • Comprehensive wash using 2 bucket method
  • Engine bay cleaned and detailed
  • Wheel arches carefully jet washed and cleaned
  • Wheels removed and cleaned using alloy wheel cleaner
  • Wheels sealed (face and barrel) with long life wheel sealant
  • All wheel nuts are torque set to the correct manufacturer’s specifications
  • Clay bar used to remove bonded contaminants from paintwork (incl. door shuts)
  • Paint depth readings taken (also shows accident/paint repairs)
  • Paint levelling process to remove deeper paint defects and scratches (if required)
  • 3 stage paint correction process
  • Further corrective polishing of individual major defects (where possible)
  • Vehicle wiped down with a isopropal alcohol (panel wipe)
  • Multiple layers of very high quality wax/sealant applied*
  • Door shuts waxed for added protection
  • Interior vents, pockets cleaned and dusted
  • Cabin cleaned and vacuumed to very high standard
  • Leather deep cleaned to remove shinyness, grease, stains
  • Leather conditioned for softer feel and great smell
  • Interior plastics dressed to finish of your choice
  • Door seals and rubbers cleaned and protected
  • Interior glass cleaned
  • Exterior glass cleaned
  • Rain/water repellent treatment applied to all exterior glass
  • Tyres cleaned and dressed with a long lasting tyre gel
  • Exterior plastics dressed
  • Stainless steel/chrome cleaned and polished
  • Soft top roof cleaned and sealed (if fitted)
  • Paintwork checked with 3M sunlight and 2 other light sources
  • Final inspection to make sure your car meets our high standards

*We have a range of detailing products from premium brands available, and you are welcome to request the wax/sealant of your choice (some boutique waxes will incur a surcharge). If no request is made, we will apply what we think will work best for you and your car.

Prices from...

Small: £785
Medium: £885
Large: £995
XL/4x4: £1095
(Prices are subject to VAT)

Time: 40-60hrs (minimum 5 day booking)

Optional Extras

Due to the process involved it is necessary to book in advance and a non-refundable deposit may be required.

Show Car/Concours Preparation

Here at KDS we can offer a bespoke show car/concours preparation treatment for any show, competition or magazine shoot. We don’t have a set process/package, in each case we will agree a detailing package with you in advance and then charge a fixed price for all work carried out.

Price from: £POA
Time: Depending on package

You will be amazed at the level of finish we achieve with this detail, no matter what the condition of the car may be to start with - we will get a finish better than when the vehicle was brand new. This is taking paint correction to the next level, removing light to medium scratches (deeper scratches can be removed with wet sanding), severe swirls, oxidisation, bird droppings, water marks and any other imperfections.

The paintwork benefits from paint levelling and a 3-5 stage paint correction process; again depending on the colour and density of clear coat (darker colours with harder paint will take considerably longer). Between 50-100hrs, yes 100hrs of machine polishing. We would achieve 99% correction (total paint thickness is sometimes a restrictive aspect). For those darker colours and harder paints, more aggressive compounds and pads need to be used to create that ultimate finish. Nothing is left untouched with this detail including interior, engine and exterior trim is removed to get to those hard to reach areas (also cleaned whilst off the vehicle). Leather will be cleaned, fed and conditioned. If your car has a soft top that will be cleaned and sealed too. Another advantage to this package is stone chips will be touched in to complete the overall appearance (note - due to make up of pearl and metallic paint, some touch ins may still be visible to the naked eye).

For outstanding protection, the Platinum detail includes our GTechniq optional extra at no additional charge - alhough we will apply a traditional wax or sealant if you prefer. A truly outstanding package for truly outstanding results.

  • 15 stage wash using 2 bucket method
  • Engine bay cleaned and detailed
  • Wheel arches cleaned
  • Alloy wheels deep cleansed inside and out, completely sealed with C5 Wheel Armour followed with 2 coats EXO V2
  • All wheel nuts are torque set to the correct manufacturer’s specifications
  • Clay bar used to remove bonded contaminates from paintwork (inc door shuts)
  • Vehicle re-washed and dried
  • Paint depth readings taken (also shows accident/paint repairs)
  • Paint levelling process to remove deeper paint defects & scratches (if required)
  • 3-5 stage paint correction to remove all swirl marks, light to medium scratches and imperfections
  • Vehicle wiped down with a isopropal alcohol (panel wipe) to make sure surfaces are clean
  • Multiple layers of very high quality wax/sealant
  • Door shuts waxed for added protection
  • Carpets vacuumed, interior trim cleaned and coated with C6 Natural Trim
  • Fabric seats and carpets coated with I1 Smart Fabric to repel staining and spilt liquids
  • Leather seats coated with L1 Leather Guard to prevent surface staining from dark coloured materials eg. jeans
  • Interior plastics dressed to finish of your choice
  • Door seals and rubbers cleaned and protected
  • Interior glass cleaned
  • Exterior glass cleaned
  • Glass coated with G1 ClearVision Smart Glass
  • Tyres dressed with T1 Long Life Tyre Gel
  • All exterior trim treated using C4 Permanent Trim Restorer
  • Stainless steel/chrome cleaned and polished
  • Soft top roof cleaned and sealed (if fitted)
  • Paintwork checked with 3M sunlight and 2 other light sources
  • Stone chips touched in
  • Paintwork coated with C1+ Crystal Lacquer followed with 2 coats EXO V2
  • Final inspection to make sure your car meets our high standards
  • Photos and videos taken are presented to owner

Prices from...

Small: £1595
Medium: £1795
Large: £1995
XL/4x4: £2195
(Prices are subject to VAT)

Time: 75 - 150hrs (minimum 7 day booking)

Optional Extras

Due to the process involved it is necessary to book in advance and a non-refundable deposit may be required.

Show Car/Concours Preparation

Here at KDS we can offer a bespoke show car/concours preparation treatment for any show, competition or magazine shoot. We don’t have a set process/package, in each case we will agree a detailing package with you in advance and then charge a fixed price for all work carried out.

Price from: £POA
Time: Depending on package

When we 'wet sand,' we are carefully shaving off a microscopic layer of a paint surface using abrasive sandpapers/pads and water. We do this in order to leave a 'flat,' mirror-like surface, completely free of imperfections and with unparallelled gloss levels. Take a look at this video for a start-to-finish demonstration of the process. The same car can be seen on our website here.

Wet Sanding / Colour Sanding

Wet sanding has been around for decades. Years ago, the same process we use today was called colour sanding because automotive paints were single-stage (primer and a colour coat) and, when the finish faded from ultra violet radiation (UVR) exposure, sanding off the oxidized paint (thereby exposing the underlying fresh paint) would bring back the original surface colour. If you're wet sanding a single stage paint you'll see the colour of the paint in the water as you sand. If you're sanding a clear coat finish the water will be a whitish colour, as the sanded particles of clear coat lacquer are whitish or opaque.

How Long Does it Last?

Wet sanding is permanent. Unlike any wax/sealant it will not wear away after a period of time. No product on the market will produce the same result as wet sanding. There is no comparison. Something to also consider; your manufacturer's warranty is not affected.

Why Wet Sand?

Sometimes the only way to remove or lighten a heavy imperfection is by sanding the paint surface. This can be a fast and effective way to remove a heavy scratch or scuff, if you are skilled and very careful. On the other hand, this method may lead to a trip to the spray booth if you are over enthusiastic and not aware of when to stop!

Another reason people come to us for wet sanding is to create a flawless, show car finish over the entire vehicle. A finish that is completely clear and/or defect free. A wet sanded finish offers exceptional depth, clarity, gloss and shine.

In order to create these characteristics, the paint must be completely flat and free from any orange-peel as well as any other above/below surface paint defects. When we use the term "flat" to describe paint we don't mean as in a 'matte' or 'low gloss' finish, we mean the surface is completely flat like a piece of glass. When the finish is completely flat, it will reflect crisp, clear images like a mirror with no distortion; this is referred to as D.O.I. or Distinction of Images. To get an automotive finish completely flat or level, the paint must be sanded flat and then buffed to a high gloss.

During the process of wet sanding we are actually "shaving" a microscopic layer of clear coat off the paint surface, eliminating any imperfections along with it. The process therefore can remove scuffs or marks, however it's also used to eliminate:

  • Runs or Sags

These are beads, droplets, larger globules or "curtain effect" in the paint finish on vertical surfaces. This is caused by paint mixture too slow (hardener, thinner), viscosity too low (too thin), paint applied too thick, paint technician application error etc.

  • Dry Paint

Granular texture normally with no gloss at all, this defect is usually limited to small areas. Commonly caused by spraying too fast, air pressure too high, spray gun too far from surface etc.

  • Orange Peel

One of the greatest imperfections. Due to new paint technologies, many new vehicles can suffer from this bad paint finish, otherwise known as orange peel. Orange peel is the name given to a slightly rippled effect on the paintwork... similar to what you find on an orange.

There are other differing factors that contribute to causes of orange peel, but normally it's as follows: when a vehicle is sprayed at the factory, the build up of multiple wet layers of paint combined with the spray guns pushing out a lot of air cause the airstream to leave a visible rippled effect finish. Think of these ripples like waves, consisting of peaks and troughs on your paintwork surface. A highly experienced wet-sander is able to carefully shave down the peaks to the level of the troughs, which means that the orange-peel is fully removed without reducing the thickness of the clearcoat from its original lowest point at all.

On our Facebook page we recently demonstrated how little lacquer the process removes, taking only 8/1000 of a millimetre off of an Audi A3, or only 6/1000 of a millimetre off this BMW M3. These are typical examples.

  • Dirt/Dust Contamination

Usually small, irregular particles in the paint film caused by foreign matter (e.g. dust/dirt) which can occur in different sizes, shapes, types and patterns.

  • Silicone Marks

Marks/defects that are caused by contamination of oil, grease, silicone and wax products still present on the sub surface before applying the fresh paint. The defects are what looks like perfect small dots, also known as "fish eyes" in the trade.

  • Blend Lines

Blend lines in paint are where the original paint meets the new fresh paint, a technique is used to overly thin down the paint (lacquer top coat) at the location of the join area, which in turn results in a poorer finish with time around this area. This technique is widely used within the smart repair industry as it's not normal to paint entire complete panels.

In many cases wet sanding can be more effective than trying to machine correct (polishing /compounding) these imperfections out . Wet sanding will not create the heat associated with machine correction if carried out correctly, and will be less aggressive than machine correction, but special care and measurements must be taken throughout the entire process. If done correctly, wet sanding will actually remove LESS lacquer (top clear coat) than heavy machine correction (as done in body shops).

Key Factors

All imperfections in a paint surface are different and different methods will be used to remove or lighten them. Skill level, knowledge and expertise will determine if the problem can be fixed or improved without refinishing the area. You would not choose to sand something that may be removed by the use of clay or light polishing. On the other hand you would not try to polish out a deep key scratch. Machine correcting the area may be an option if the scratch is not too deep, but it's important to remember the heat and friction it will be creating and the aggressiveness of both the buffing pad and the compound used. Sometimes this method will rub through the paint quicker than wet sanding.

The colour of the car will often determine how bad a scratch appears and therefore how well it can be repaired. Clear coat will always look whitish in appearance when it is scratched. The two key elements are how deep is it and what colour the vehicle is. A scratch on a black car will always look worse than on white because of the background or the basecoat. A scratch on black will have to be sanded more deeply to totally remove it.

Some people say factory finishes do not have enough clear coat to sand and that you will not have enough protection if you sand. If the lowest point of the clear coat is enough to protect the car, then should you sand to that point and no further your car will look its best and still be protected. The secret is to not sand any more than the lowest point of the clear coat. See illustration below:

Orange Peel

Paint Thickness, and Paint Thickness Gauges (PTG's)

At KDS, before any wet sanding is carried out, the entire vehicle's paint thickness (including the layers of primer, base coat (colour) and clear coat) is measured with a digital paint thickness gauge, also used throughout the process. Removing just 8 - 10 microns (out of an average 110 – 140 microns) results in maximum effect. Orange peel, swirl marks, mild scratches, bird stains etc. will be completely removed from all types of paint.

A common question we're asked is about the potential to remove 'too much paint', with arbitrary paint thickness values being thrown into these discussions. Part of the reason your car is so safe with us at KDS is that we take exceptional care to thoroughly assess the situation before we begin with any abrasive processes (machine polishing or wet-sanding). No job will be attempted if there's a chance of of it compromising the integrity or longevity of your paintwork.

However...

The panel in this album shows original paintwork from a big-name German manufacturer, and demonstrates quite clearly that their own tolerances are pretty wide. At the stationary laser point (as a reference) there is 136 microns of paint thickness, but it varies over a 50 micron range on a single panel alone. We take great pride in achieving the best possible results while only removing the smallest amount of paint, much less than other detailers we have encountered. It's a specific skill mastered over more than two decades of experience, experimentation and self-testing. So bear in mind: with our wet sanding procedures we're talking about a few microns here or there, against the fact that original paint can be so wildy uneven in the first place.

If you require, KDS can produce a report to show you (the customer) the depth of paint before and after the paint correction process is complete, also detailing any repair work previously carried out on your vehicle.

The gauges we commonly use are the PosiTector 200/6000.

The PosiTector 6000 measures paint on any metal, including steel and aluminium, popular choices given many cars have both steel and aluminium. It automatically recognizes the material and takes a measurement. The PosiTector 200 is a multiple layer depth gauge being able to show the paint build in distinct layers on ALL surfaces including carbon fibre and plastic.

 

How much does it cost?

We offer 4 wet sanding packages to suit your budget :

The packages below are inclusive of the necessary machine polish correction time after wet sanding has taken place. This includes the end results as per our KDS silver paint correction packages

  • Pre-selected wax/sealant is applied
  • Door shuts waxed for added protection
  • Door seals and rubbers cleaned and protected
  • Interior glass cleaned
  • Exterior glass cleaned
  • Tyres cleaned and dressed with a long lasting tyre gel
  • Exterior plastics dressed
  • Paintwork checked with 3M sunlight and 2 other light sources
  • Final inspection to make sure your car meets our high standards

Bronze Wet Sand

This will reduce the orange peel effect by partially wet sanding the tops (bonnet, roof and boot lid if applicable) of your vehicle. A big difference with a more affordable price tag.

Time taken : 30-50hrs (7 day booking)

Price from : Small: £975, Medium: £1075, Large: £1245, X-Large/4x4: £1475

 

Silver Wet Sand

As a bronze but we will partial wet sand the whole car to reduce the orange peel and make your paint look considerably glossier, with a deeper depth of shine

Time Taken : 40-70hrs (7-14 day booking)

Price from : Small: £1245, Medium: £1475, Large: £1825, X-Large/4x4: £2395

 

Gold Wet Sand

We will completely remove the orange peel on the top panels (eye line panels) and partial wet sand the rest of the vehicle. A very popular choice with our customers.

Time taken : 55-90hrs (min 14 day booking)

Price from : Small: £1600, Medium: £1900, Large: £2400, X-Large/4x4: £3000

 

Platinum Wet Sand

This is the one if you want absolute perfection and KDS can produce this. This is the pinnacle of detailing: for the ultimate finish, this is the one to choose. We will completely wet sand the whole car using four different grades of sanding paper, going right up to all the edges and thus removing all orange peel from the entire vehicle before machine polishing back to reveal a flawless mirror finish.

Time taken : 140-200hrs (min 21 day booking)

Price from : Small: £2600, Medium: £3300, Large: £3900, X-Large/4x4: £4700

 

Bespoke Wet Sand

We also offer a per panel service, which is useful if a panel on your car has been repaired and needs to be wet-sanded in order to better match the finish of adjacent panels.

Prices start at £150+VAT per panel.

Prices from...

£975 - £4700

Time: 30 - 200 hours

Please see text below for full pricing